THEME: The sin, punishment and restoration of Israel.
MESSAGE: God hates and will punish all forms of injustice. He wants righteousness and not ritualism. Purified by suffering, the people will be restored.
1. The punishment to come over Judah and Israel, for various sins (Chapters 1 to 3) :
idolatry, oppression, greed -1, 2
wickedness of leaders, covetousness of the prophets - 3
2. The Kingdom of the Messiah"in the last days." (Chapters 4-5)
Jerusalem will reign over the peoples, wars will cease, Israel will be restored after the tribulation - 4
The Messiah will be born in Bethlehem; He will be hurt; He will deliver His people, and these in triumph will be purified - 5
3. The contention of God with the people - (Chapters 6-7):
God saved them from Egypt; He does not require heavy rites or sacrifice, but righteousness of character; idolatry, violence and deception, shall be punished - 6
Micah confesses and laments the sins of the people; admits the justice
of their punishment, but rejoices in their restoration; song of praise to God - 7
We know nothing about Micah save what he says in 1.1; see also Jeremiah 26.16-19. He was from Judah, and a contemporary of Isaiah. His name means "Who is like Jehovah?", and his book claims the holiness, justice and compassion of God.
The book is telltale (chapters 1-3) and also comforting (chapter 4-7). It contains remarkable prophecies concerning the Messiah and His kingdom. It is mentioned in Jeremiah 26:18, Matthew 2:5-6; 10.35-36.
Among the most sublime passages are: 6:6-8; 7:7-9, 18-20.