In the latter part of the prophecies of Revelation, Isaiah describes the restoration of Israel. In chapter 24, Isaiah describes as the Great Tribulation will affect the world's population. In chapters 25 and 26 we find two songs. In chapter 27 he gives an insight into how the tribulation and the kingdom will affect Israel in six aspects.
Israel's refuge during the Tribulation (26 v.20 and 21)
The Lord counsels the faithful remnant of his people, Israel's believers to hide in secret chambers as He pours out His wrath upon the apostate world. "Indignation" is one of several names given in the Old Testament to the Tribulation.
We find the same warning in Matthew 24: 15-16, in which the Lord Jesus exhorts the Jews to flee to the mountains when "you see being in the holy place the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet" and in Revelation 12: 6,12 -13 where Israel ( "woman") will flee to "the desert." In Micah 2:12, the place where the Remnant will flee is specified as the city of Bozrah, best known now by its Roman name Petra, Jordan.
The purpose of indignation which must escape is specified in verse 21: to punish the inhabitants of the earth because of their sin, and in this opportunity the land will refuse to absorb the blood. The blood will remain as permanent visible evidence of the wickedness of mankind. Israel, which survive a third of its population, must hide until the end of the Tribulation. After completion of this great punishment, God will turn your hidden people and then there will be a national regeneration of Israel.
The punishment of Leviathan (27 v.1)
Also at that time the Lord will punish Leviathan , which is the Hebrew name for Satan, the leader of the fallen angels of Isaiah 24:21. Satan will be punished after the Tribulation. It is called here by three names (see also Genesis 3:1; Revelation 12: 3, 13: 2 and 16:13), and God's sword is also called by three names:
The " fleeing serpent ", burdened by " severe sword ."
The "twisted serpent ", punished by the " great sword ."
The "reptile that is in the sea ," killed by " strong sword ."
The same structure is found in the Book of Revelation. After the return of the Lord Jesus Christ, Satan will be imprisoned (Revelation 20: 1-3) for the duration of His millennial kingdom on earth.
The song of the vineyard (27 v.2-6)
In this third aspect of the restoration of Israel, we find the "canticle of the vineyard" with which the people rejoice to God. This "was" redeemed is Israel that previously only produced wild grapes but have now gone through a national regeneration (Isaiah 5: 1-17).
God will keep and will water day and night so that no one causes you harm, it is no longer angry with her. If any hostile power to speak out against the vine, he will burn it as it does with briers and thorns. It would be better for such powers seek refuge in the Lord for His protection and peace. During the millennium Israel will blossom and bear fruit in its own land, filling the world with its fruit.
The atonement for Israel's wickedness (27 verse 7 to 9)
In this song wonders whether God devastated Israel as He devastated the enemies of Israel? Or perhaps Israel suffered the same kind of revenge that the gentile nations? The answer is "no," according to verse 8, God never destroyed the nation of Israel, but his punishment was "in measure", ie Israel will not perish by a judgment out of measure (this explains why this nation has survived until today).
The purpose of the dispersion was punishing her for the sin of idolatry, and "the fruit of taking " will be the abandonment of idolatry. Because of the Tribulation judgments, Israel will come to saving faith.
The devastation of Babylon (27 v.10 and 11)
The fortified city is Babylon, now seen as lonely, "the habitation forsaken and left like a wilderness." Only serves as pasture, and as the dry branches of a tree are flammable, that's all for what Babylon serves. There will be no inhabitants because they were not "understanding" people: they were non-existent.
Reuniting of Israel (27 v.12 and 13)
Israel, however, will be reunited from the ends of the earth, in contrast to the destruction of Babylon. According to verse 12 he will meet the Promised Land in its entire length, with the border in the north to the Euphrates River, and south the brook of Egypt. This is individually will "one by one" until every Israeli is repatriated in the Land of Israel and the nation is occupying the entire Promised Land. Never before in the history of Israel, the Israelites had possession of all the Promised Land, but this will be done in this final restoration.
Moreover, not only the whole earth will be inhabited, but every Israelite will regathered from among his enemies. There will be the blowing of a great trumpet , signalling the gathering and return. They will be collected from everywhere, neighbouring countries Egypt in the south and Assyria in the northeast being specifically mentioned. They will be gathered to worship the Lord in the holy mount in Jerusalem .
20 Come, my people, enter your chambers, And shut your doors behind you; Hide yourself, as it were, for a little moment, Until the indignation is past.
21 For behold, the LORD comes out of His place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity; the earth will also disclose her blood, and will no more cover her slain.
1 In that day the LORD with His severe sword, great and strong, Will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea.
2 In that day sing to her, "A vineyard of red wine!
3 I, the LORD, keep it, I water it every moment; lest any hurt it, I keep it night and day.
4 Fury is not in Me. Who would set briers and thorns against Me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.
5 Or let him take hold of My strength, that he may make peace with Me; and he shall make peace with Me."
6 Those who come He shall cause to take root in Jacob; Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.
7 Has He struck Israel as He struck those who struck him? Or has He been slain according to the slaughter of those who were slain by Him?
8 In measure, by sending it away, You contended with it. He removes it by His rough wind In the day of the east wind.
9 Therefore by this the iniquity of Jacob will be covered; and this is all the fruit of taking away his sin: When he makes all the stones of the altar like chalkstones that are beaten to dust, wooden images and incense altars shall not stand.
10 Yet the fortified city will be desolate, the habitation forsaken and left like a wilderness; there the calf will feed, and there it will lie down and consume its branches.
11 When its boughs are withered, they will be broken off; The women come and set them on fire. For it is a people of no understanding; Therefore He who made them will not have mercy on them, And He who formed them will show them no favour.
12 And it shall come to pass in that day that the LORD will thresh, from the channel of the River to the Brook of Egypt; and you will be gathered one by one, O you children of Israel.
13 So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.
Isaiah chapter 26 verse 20 to chapter 27 verse 13